Types of Collars

TYPES OF COLLARS

A collar is the part of a garment that encircles the neck and frames the face, offering great opportunities for design variations. Collars can be developed close to or away from the neckline. They can be wide, narrow, flat, or high, and with or without an attached stand. The collar edge may be stylized or may follow a basic shape (round, curved, scalloped, square, pointed etc.). Collars can be convertible (can be worn closed and open, so that it lies flat across the chest when opened) or nonconvertible (stay in the same location whether garment is buttoned or unbuttoned).

As we know that earlier collars were mostly detachable from clothes. Today collars are integral parts of most of our clothing. Now, collars can be sewn to the garment or detachable. Other than that, basically, there are just 3 types of collars – the stand collar, roll collar and the flat collar. The names are self-explanatory enough.

  • Stand collar fits around the neck. It is basically a band which stands upright on the neck.
  • Roll collar is a stand collar which is then folded or rolled over.
  • Flat collar is found flat on the shoulders.

Collars are made to frame the neckline and complement the face. Some basic styles are timeless and well known. Collar styles vary in size, cut, placement, fullness and tradition. So, now let's discuss about various styles of collars.

SHIRT COLLAR

The basic stand collar worn on a man’s or a woman’s shirt style. The shirt collar may button down or stand up more according to the style. The points of the shirt collar can be longer, but generally the shirt collar is a very standard collar.

BUTTON DOWN COLLAR

A shirt collar with buttons on the points fastening it to the shirt is called button down collar.

WINGED OR WHISK COLLAR

Stiff band collar standing up with tips that fold over forming the wing tip effect.

SHAWL COLLAR

A turned down collar with a wide lapel. It gives the appearance of wrapping around like a shawl.

TURTLE NECK COLLAR

The turtle neck is a stand up collar and the height of the stand up may vary. The collar may roll down or bunch up under the neck.

RUFFLE COLLAR (RUFF)

A gathered or pleated piece of fabric forms the ruff round the neckline. Sometimes called the millstone collar. It was popular in the Renaissance era and in the 17th and century. Modern versions of the ruffle collar tend to have smaller heights often of just 1 inch (2.5cm).

SAILOR COLLAR

A flat collar based on one of the sailors’ uniforms. This style was made popular in the Victorian era for children. It is made of square panels that fold down from the neckline.

POINTED FLAT COLLAR

This collar is a narrow cut collar with squared ends at the center front of the collar dropping from a round neckline.

NOTCHED COLLAR

The design is based on the lapel collar shape and is usually attached to blazers and shirt blouses. The collar has squared tips and a triangular notch as part of the design. Usually made in two pieces with a collar part round the neck and the other part of the collar being part of the blouse or blazer turned outwards completing the notched look.

REVERS COLLAR

A Revers collar is a notched collar with square corners on the collar as well as the lapel.There are many variations to this type of collar.

PETER PAN COLLAR

A very common rolled collar that lies flat on the neck and has curved edges. It is a small delicate collar. The Puritan collar is a wider version of the Peter Pan collar.

PILGRIM COLLAR

It is similar to a Bermuda collar or Peter pan collar but the pilgrim collar or puritan collar is wider.

JOHNNY COLLAR

A small high standing collar. It is always attached to a v neck. The collar does not go to the end of the v of the neckline.

MANDARIN COLLAR

A stand-up style of collar adapted from the Chinese mandarin traditional collar. There is a slit in the front of the collar with curved edges. This is the collar found on the vests and jackets worn by the of first Prime Minister of India, Jawaharlal Nehru. This collar is also called Nehru Collar.

CREW COLLAR

The crew is a short standing collar that is attached all around the neckline. Sometimes made in rib trim it is more of a neck trim than a collar.

CONVERTIBLE COLLAR

Convertible collars are adaptable. As the name suggests, it can lay flat and open or be buttoned up.

COWL COLLAR

A large portion of fabric folds over from the neck to create a cowl style of collar. It folds over on itself and drapes around the neck. Suitable for soft draping fabrics.

CASCADE COLLAR

The cascade collar is cut from a circle of fabric and attached so it drapes from the center front of the neckline. It looks best in soft flowing fabrics such as chiffon or silk.

CHELSEA COLLAR

The Chelsea is a medium to wide cut collar. The ends are squared off at the tips and it is attached to a v neckline.

BOW TIE COLLAR

A bow collar has long pieces to tie as a bow. Large bows are referred to as a ‘Pussy-cat bow’.

BIB COLLAR (DICKIE)

This is a false collar that can be stitched into the low-cut front of a garment. It can be detachable or permanent.

BERTHA COLLAR

This is a large, round collar that lies flat. The collar fits a low v-neckline and can be square or round and is often made of lace or netting fabric. Bertha collars are most commonly found in period dress costumes.

FUNNEL COLLAR

This is a wide standing collar which stands a little away from the neck and face.

QUARTER ZIP COLLAR

This is a band collar with zip attached. This collar is usually used in sweatshirts, jersey jackets and sweaters.

JABOT COLLAR

Jabot collar is a decorative piece of fabric attached to the base of the neck by means of a collar.

FICHU COLLAR

This is a vintage style wide collar made of embroidered fabric or lace. It can be removable as well as fixed. Fichu originally is a triangular shaped cotton fabric that is worn as a shawl across the neck and shoulder over low cut gowns.

It doesn’t matter whether you are a man or a woman there are endless types of collars and choices. They are all derived from the three basic types of attaching a collar.